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Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavior Intervention Plan

A Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) is a process that seeks to determine the underlying cause of student behaviors that impede the learning of the student with a disability or the learning of the student's peers.

A Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) is a plan that utilizes behavioral interventions and supports in order to reduce behaviors which interfere with a student's academic progress and/or increase behaviors that lead to successful learning for that student.

Typically an FBA is performed first to gather information on challenging student behaviors and this data is then used to develop the BIP.

How is the need for an FBA-BIP determined?

Before the FBA/BIP process is begun, the following should be done to determine whether the process is the most appropriate action:

  • Contact the parents and notify them that a behavioral issue exists
  • Make the building administrator aware of the behavioral issues
  • The building administrator should then verify that the behavior is a student-specific and not simply environmental or due to larger classroom management issues
  • Gather and review (if any) records of school discipline and actions that have been taken (these records include formal referrals as well as any other records of school discipline that exist)

Who is involved in an FBA/BIP:

If the student has an IEP or 504 plan, then the case manager (special education teacher) is in charge of scheduling the meeting.

Invite the following:

If the student does not have an IEP or 504 plan, then a team that looks similar to an IEP or 504 team should be put in place (a special education teacher is not needed).  The building administrator will need to designate a case manager for this student. 

The Process

Pre-Meeting

Before the meeting, the case manager should:

FBA Meeting

The case manager should bring the following to the meeting:

All other team members should bring the following to the meeting:

During the meeting, those in attendance should follow the FBA Meeting Agenda and:

If there is enough information, then record the information on the FBA Record Form.  A BIP can be begun or a new meeting date can be set to create the BIP

If it is determined that more information is necessary, then decisions should be made concerning what extra information is needed and which team members will collect it.  Another meeting date should be agreed upon before ending the current one.

BIP Meeting (this portion of the process can occur immediately after the FBA portion or be scheduled for another date if there is no enough time)

During the BIP, those in attendance should follow the BIP Meeting Agenda and:

At the conclusion of the meeting, the facilitator should:

After the meeting, the case manager should"

BIP Review

During the BIP Review meeting, those in attendance should follow the BIP Review Meeting Agenda and:

Forms

FBA Agenda

FBA Record Form

FBA Questionairre

BIP Agenda

BIP Record Form

BIP Review Agenda

BIP Review Record Form