Middle Ages People Match-up

Match the items on the right to the items on the left.

1. First Christian king of the Franks

2. This man was crowned the first Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day 800 A.D.

3. This man defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings; making him the king of England.

4. This man established common law in England by sending his judges around the country to hear cases. He was also, unfortunately, to blame for the death of Thomas A. Beckett.

5. This man was defeated by William of Normandy at the battle of Hastings.

6. This English King was forced to Sign the Magna Carta which:
- Said the king could not arrest anyone without just cause.
-The king could not pass taxes without the permission of the Nobles.
- The King had to obey the law.

7. This English King solidified the power of the Parliament by agreeing that "What affects all should be decided by all."

8. First French King.

9. This French King helped to establish the Estates General

10. First Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

11. Russian Prince who stressed cooperation with the Mongols. His descendants became the princes of Moscow.

12. The Greatest Byzantine Emperor. He codified the laws, built the Hagia Sophia and the Hippodrome.

13. Great Muslim General who reconquered Jerusalem and showed mercy and compassion to its inhabitants.

14. This Pope called the first Crusade at the Council of Claremont

15. The Pope wanted to increase the power of the Papacy by ending Lay Investiture.

16. German King who debated with Gregory VII over Lay Investiture. He had to go "Barefoot in the snow" to gain forgiveness.

17. Monk who took a vow of absolute poverty and revived monasticism with the Franciscan order.

18. Founder of the Dominican order who were greatly responsible for running the trials of the Inquisition.

19. Scholar of Scholasticism who wrote Summa Theologica in an attempt to reconcile faith and reason.

20. Pope who debated with King Philip IV of France on the ability of the King to tax the clergy. He was kidnapped and died shortly after his escape.

21. English reformer who believed that absolute authority in religion comes from the Bible, not the church. His ideas helped to spark the reformation.

22. Czech religious reformer and follower of John Wycliffe who was burned as a heretic

23. Original king of England at the beginning of the 100 years war. He fought with Philip IV of France after Philip seized English lands.

24. French peasant girl who was convinced that God told her to aid the French in the 100 years war. She helped to turn the tide of the war, but was captured by the English, tried as a heretic, and burned at the stake.

25. French king who greatly increased the power of the French Monarchy by using the taille, an annual direct tax on land and property as a permanent tax to fund the monarchy.

26. English king who won the War of the Roses and established the Tudor Dynasty. He eliminated all private armies to strengthen the monarchy.

27. Spanish King and Queen who worked together to strengthen the monarchy of Spain. They pressed the Reconquista which was to rid Spain of all non-Catholics.

28. Russian ruler who defeated the Mongols, increased Russian territory by annexing lands, and established the title of Czar.