Chapter 10 Sec 1 and 2


Complete the crossword, then click on "Check" to check your answer.
Click on a number in the grid to see the clue or clues for that number.
If an answer has more than two words, do not put a space between the words.

1                    2             
3                4                 
   8    9      10                      
             15        16   17           
 18                  19              
21              22                   
 23                24                
     26                27            
     28   29         30                  
    32       33                      


1. During the High Middle Ages many economies switched from Barter to this.
3. When farmers discovered _______ _________ they increased the amount of land they had in use.
4. A "weapon" of the early church, it denied the sacraments to an entire area.
5. The area owned by a Lord which included the Castle, the surrounding lands, and all of the people and things on it.
6. Founder of the Dominican order.
7. Trade city in Northern France famous for its wollen cloth.
11. Medieval farmers had different chores for the differnt _______ of the year.
12. Monk who founded the Franciscan order. He took a vow of absolute poverty.
14. When a journeyman completed his masterpiece he became a __________ _____________.
16. Crop rotation increased the number of fields from two to _____.
18. When the church cut someone off from the sacraments it was said to ____________ them.
20. The staple of the Medieval diet.
21. The autidion piece for a Journeyman to become a master craftsman.
22. The ________ near Medieval towns were very polluted, and so people drank water from the wells instead.
23. The church court which sought out and tried heretics.
24. A religious artifact which is thought to bring a spiritual presence to the pilgrim.
26. First reform order of Monks after the Benedictine order. They felt monks needed to take a more active role in the community.
27. After become an apprentice a man would become a _______ and work for the master craftsman.
28. A young boy who would go and work for a master craftsman.
32. Most Medieval homes were made of ______ and straw.
33. In crop rotation one field was left ________ to "recharge" the soil.
34. A teaching or belief that went against that of the church.
35. ________ the mother of Jesus, became one of the most important saints of the CHurch.
36. A medieval farmer who was NOT bound to the land.
37. Martyrs, Apostles, and other religious figures who were recognized by the church.


1. This agreement solved the problem of lay investiture.
2. The ____________ of the Church included Baptism, Eucharist, and extreme unction.
8. Medieval merchants began to use _________ instead of strictly trading.
9. A trade association.
10. Late in the middle ages more merchants arose leading to an increase in _________.
13. The controversy where the King would grant the symbols of office to a church official.
15. Major trade city in Northern Italy.
17. These animals sped up work for Medieval farmers after the invention of a collar so they could pull more weight.
19. Stone structure at the center of a manor which provided protection for the people.
25. This Pope wanted to increase the power of the Papacy. He challenged the idea of lay investiture.
29. An iron ________ increased farm production because it could turn heavy soil.
30. Medieval towns were small and _____________, because there was little space to build inside the walls.
31. This German word means walled city, it eventually came to mean city.
33. This was a constant threat in Medieval cities
34. German king who went up against Pope Gregory VII over Lay Investiture.
35. Medieval drink made from Honey and Grain.
37. A Peasant who was bound to the land.